sábado, 11 de abril de 2015

Caribbean Community shows concerns on Guyana-Venezuela territorial dispute

Mapa Oficial de la República Bolivariana de Venezuela con la Zona en Reclamación - La Guayana Esequiba
Tomado de:

 (GlobalPost/GlobalPost)
KINGSTON, March 20 (Xinhua) -- The Caribbean Community (CARICOM) released a statement on Friday to express its concerns on the territorial dispute between Guyana and Venezuela, according to reports reaching here from Georgetown.

The Georgetown-based regional bloc, which consists of most Anglophone countries in and around the Caribbean, reiterated "firm, longstanding and continued support" to Guyana, who is on a heated verbal clash against its Spanish-speaking neighbor.

The territorial dispute between Guyana and Venezuela on the area of Essequibo in the Guiana region on the north coast of South America is a long-run problem inherited from colonial powers. An international arbitration gave Britain rights to the Essequibo in 1899, but Venezuela called the ruling into question in 1966, upon Guyana's independence from Britain.

After a few military confrontations during the 1960s and the 1970s, the conflict has remained stable. But a new round of debate resurfaced recently as ExxonMobil revealed its plan to start an offshore drilling near the area.

According to the Guyanese government, Venezuelan Foreign Minister Delcy Rodriguez sent a letter to the U.S. company's Guyana office last month to oppose the move. ExxonMobil, however, insisted they are operating offshore "under license from the government of Guyana."

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Guyana then issued a statement insisting the country "has full and unfettered authority to unilaterally explore, with or without partners, and exploit the living and non-living resources within its jurisdiction.

But this assertion was called "unfair and false" by Venezuela. The country's foreign ministry asked the Guyanese to seek a "practical and satisfactory solution for both sides... without the interference of foreign factors."

CARICOM issued a statement on Friday in support of its member state Guyana and expressed the hope for an early resolution.

"The Caribbean Community reiterates its firm, long-standing and continued support for the maintenance of the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Guyana and for the unhindered economic and social development of all of Guyana," CARICOM said.

"In this regard, the community, once again, expresses its hope for an early resolution of the controversy which has arisen as a result of Venezuela's contention that the arbitral award of 1899, which definitively settled the boundary between the two countries, is null and void," it added.


2005 La Guayana Esequiba – Zona en Reclamación. Instituto Geográfico Simón Bolívar  Primera Edición

Nota del editor del blog:

Al referenciarse a la República Cooperativa de Guyana se deben de tener en cuenta los 159.500Km2, de territorios ubicados al oeste del río Esequibo conocidos con el nombre de Guayana Esequiba o Zona en Reclamación sujetos al Acuerdo de Ginebra del 17 de febrero de 1966.

Territorios estos sobre los cuales el Gobierno Venezolano en representación de la Nación venezolana se reservo sus derechos sobre los territorios de la Guayana Esequiba en su nota del 26 de mayo de 1966 al reconocerse al nuevo Estado de Guyana:

“...por lo tanto, Venezuela reconoce como territorio del nuevo Estado, el que se sitúa al este de la margen derecha del río Esequibo y reitera ante la comunidad internacional, que se reserva expresamente sus derechos de soberanía territorial sobre la zona que se encuentra en la margen izquierda del precitado río; en consecuencia, el territorio de la Guayana Esequiba sobre el cual Venezuela se reserva expresamente sus derechos soberanos, limita al Este con el nuevo Estado de Guyana, a través de la línea del río Esequibo, tomando éste desde su nacimiento hasta su desembocadura en el Océano Atlántico...”


LA GUAYANA ESEQUIBA

http://laguayanaesequiba.blogspot.com/2008/01/la-guayana-esequiba.html



Terminología sobre cómo referenciar la Zona en Reclamación-Guayana Esequiba.




Mapa que señala el Espacio de Soberanía Marítima Venezolana que se reserva, como Mar Territorial mediante el Decreto Presidencial No 1152 del 09 de Julio de 1968