martes, 7 de abril de 2015

Tensions between Guyana and Venezuela could escalate, expert says


Tomado de:

Published March 10, 2015
Guyana should be on the alert for a more confrontational stance on Venezuela's part in the neighbors' century-old dispute over the Essequibo Region, an academic expert said Tuesday.

Mark Kirton, a professor of international relations at the University of the West Indies, said the Venezuelan government was likely to seek to divert attention from its internal political troubles and U.S. sanctions against Caracas by focusing on its claim to resource-rich Essequibo.

"The fact that there are sanctions would mean that there is an escalation in the tension between the two states and you know that what has happened in the past is that when there are internal issues, there is a tendency for Venezuela to up the ante for the claim, so you have to look at that in the context of their alienation from the rest of the hemisphere perhaps or at least the U.S.," Kirton told Demerara Waves Radio in Georgetown.

Essequibo is a resource-rich region area of 167,839 sq. kilometers (64,800 sq. miles) that is administered by Guyana, but claimed by Venezuela.

Venezuela is currently feuding with Guyana over Georgetown's decision to give U.S.-based Exxon Mobil a concession to explore for oil in Essequibo coastal waters.

While Guyana has benefited from good relations with the Venezuelan administrations of the late Hugo Chavez and current President Nicolas Maduro, Kirton said it was possible that Venezuela might seek to "bring back some level of nationalism by upping the (Essequibo) claim again, so in that sense we have to look at it."

Venezuela recently penned a letter to the local subsidiary of Exxon Mobil warning against the offshore oil prospecting. Guyana rebuffed the missive and the company has ignored the threat to proceed with a 60-day drilling program. EFE


2005 La Guayana Esequiba – Zona en Reclamación. Instituto Geográfico Simón Bolívar  Primera Edición

Nota del editor del blog:

Al referenciarse a la República Cooperativa de Guyana se deben de tener en cuenta los 159.500Km2, de territorios ubicados al oeste del río Esequibo conocidos con el nombre de Guayana Esequiba o Zona en Reclamación sujetos al Acuerdo de Ginebra del 17 de febrero de 1966.

Territorios estos sobre los cuales el Gobierno Venezolano en representación de la Nación venezolana se reservo sus derechos sobre los territorios de la Guayana Esequiba en su nota del 26 de mayo de 1966 al reconocerse al nuevo Estado de Guyana:

“...por lo tanto, Venezuela reconoce como territorio del nuevo Estado, el que se sitúa al este de la margen derecha del río Esequibo y reitera ante la comunidad internacional, que se reserva expresamente sus derechos de soberanía territorial sobre la zona que se encuentra en la margen izquierda del precitado río; en consecuencia, el territorio de la Guayana Esequiba sobre el cual Venezuela se reserva expresamente sus derechos soberanos, limita al Este con el nuevo Estado de Guyana, a través de la línea del río Esequibo, tomando éste desde su nacimiento hasta su desembocadura en el Océano Atlántico...”


LA GUAYANA ESEQUIBA

http://laguayanaesequiba.blogspot.com/2008/01/la-guayana-esequiba.html



Terminología sobre cómo referenciar la Zona en Reclamación-Guayana Esequiba.




Mapa que señala el Espacio de Soberanía Marítima Venezolana que se reserva, como Mar Territorial mediante el Decreto Presidencial No 1152 del 09 de Julio de 1968