viernes, 10 de julio de 2015

Venezuela links Exxon presence in disputed zone to Obama executive order



Tomado de.


Published April 08, 2015
Venezuela's government said a subsidiary of U.S. oil giant ExxonMobil was carrying out "unauthorized" operations in disputed waters off Guyana and linked them to Washington's recent diplomatic steps against Caracas.

"The actions of (Esso Exploration and Production Guyana Ltd.), with its intention to carry out unauthorized operations within the maritime territory adjoining Venezuela, contradict public international law and show its intent to subvert it," Venezuela's Foreign Ministry said in a statement released Wednesday.

The ministry said it sent a letter to the head of that Exxon unit, Jeff Simon, reiterating its rejection of the company's intentions and asserting that they violate bilateral obligations signed by Guyana and Venezuela.

It added in that letter that Esso Exploration and Production Guyana's actions must be viewed in light of President Barack Obama's executive order in March declaring Venezuela an "unusual and extraordinary threat to the national security and foreign policy of the United States" and handing down sanctions against seven officials.

"Venezuela reaffirms that there is no demarcation of the marine and submarine areas of the territorial space of the reclamation zone, and that the existing agreement providing for non-incursion in these spaces remains fully valid," the ministry said.

An Exxon platform began exploratory drilling at the Stabroek Block off Guyana early last month under a $200 million, 10-year agreement between the oil supermajor and Georgetown.

Guyana's Foreign Ministry at that time requested that Venezuela not interfere in the exploration work at Stabroek, located in the Guyana-Suriname basin, which the U.S. Geological Survey says has the second-largest unexplored oil potential in the world after Greenland.

That basin lies off the coast of a border region known as Essequibo, a 160,000-sq.-kilometer (61,780-sq.-mile) area that is administered by Guyana and makes up more than half of its territory but which Venezuela has claimed as its own since the 19th century.
EFE


2005 La Guayana Esequiba – Zona en Reclamación. Instituto Geográfico Simón Bolívar  Primera Edición

Nota del editor del blog:

Al referenciarse a la República Cooperativa de Guyana se deben de tener en cuenta los 159.500Km2, de territorios ubicados al oeste del río Esequibo conocidos con el nombre de Guayana Esequiba o Zona en Reclamación sujetos al Acuerdo de Ginebra del 17 de febrero de 1966.

Territorios estos sobre los cuales el Gobierno Venezolano en representación de la Nación venezolana se reservo sus derechos sobre los territorios de la Guayana Esequiba en su nota del 26 de mayo de 1966 al reconocerse al nuevo Estado de Guyana:

“...por lo tanto, Venezuela reconoce como territorio del nuevo Estado, el que se sitúa al este de la margen derecha del río Esequibo y reitera ante la comunidad internacional, que se reserva expresamente sus derechos de soberanía territorial sobre la zona que se encuentra en la margen izquierda del precitado río; en consecuencia, el territorio de la Guayana Esequiba sobre el cual Venezuela se reserva expresamente sus derechos soberanos, limita al Este con el nuevo Estado de Guyana, a través de la línea del río Esequibo, tomando éste desde su nacimiento hasta su desembocadura en el Océano Atlántico...”


LA GUAYANA ESEQUIBA

http://laguayanaesequiba.blogspot.com/2008/01/la-guayana-esequiba.html



Terminología sobre cómo referenciar la Zona en Reclamación-Guayana Esequiba.





Mapa que señala el Espacio de Soberanía Marítima Venezolana que se reserva, como Mar Territorial mediante el Decreto Presidencial No 1152 del 09 de Julio de 1968