viernes, 28 de agosto de 2015

Maduro to address Venezuelan Parliament on maritime decree

Venezuelan president Nicholas Maduro will address his country’s Parliament today on its new claims to Guyana’s maritime territory.

Maduro was scheduled to address the Parliament yesterday but this was rescheduled, Venezuelan state television VTV reported yesterday. VTV said that the sitting will take place at 10am today in the Federal Legislative Palace in Caracas.

Venezuelan newspaper El Universal also reported the rescheduling and it said Maduro will present his stance on the border controversy between Venezuela and Guyana over the Essequibo. Maduro will present “a formal position on the historic claim of the dispute of the Essequibo territory usurped by British imperialism two centuries ago” and which remains an issue between Venezuela with Guyana, it said.

Nicolas Maduro
Maduro had announced on Monday that he would go to the National Assembly on Thursday to set out his stance vis-à-vis a territorial “dispute” with Guyana over the waters of the Atlantic Ocean where oil company ExxonMobil found an important oil deposit.

“The Congress speaker will convene a parliament meeting on Thursday, and I am going to attend as Head of State and Head of government to present the official stance in defense of the motherland and the historic claim of the Essequibo,” Maduro was quoted as saying.

The president added that he would call for “civil-military union” to face the “provocation from ExxonMobil” and denounce “an international maneuver from the right wing to provoke Venezuela with border issues.”

“I will denounce the international maneuver from the right-wing to provoke Venezuela. They will fail. And I am going to call for the civil-military union,” Maduro had said.

On May 26th, Maduro issued a Decree purporting to annex maritime zones belonging to Guyana. The Decree was gazetted in Venezuela on May 27th. Georgetown has said that the Decree of May 26th was a “baseless and shameless” bid to usurp Guyana’s territory and a “flagrant violation” of international law. Minister of Foreign Affairs Carl Greenidge told Parliament that a definitive solution must be found and signalled that the government would be moving for a juridical settlement of the border controversy.

Questions have been raised over the motives behind the decree and observers point out that it comes just after US oil firm ExxonMobil announced what could be the first major oil find in Guyana’s waters. Maps issued by Caracas show the ExxonMobil well site within the zone now being claimed.
Last week, President David Granger told Stabroek News that Venezuela’s recent claim on Guyana’s maritime territory is a “legal absurdity” and ExxonMobil will continue to work as scheduled.

2005 La Guayana Esequiba – Zona en Reclamación. Instituto Geográfico Simón Bolívar  Primera Edición

Nota del editor del blog:

Al referenciarse a la República Cooperativa de Guyana se deben de tener en cuenta los 159.500Km2, de territorios ubicados al oeste del río Esequibo conocidos con el nombre de Guayana Esequiba o Zona en Reclamación sujetos al Acuerdo de Ginebra del 17 de febrero de 1966.

Territorios estos sobre los cuales el Gobierno Venezolano en representación de la Nación venezolana se reservo sus derechos sobre los territorios de la Guayana Esequiba en su nota del 26 de mayo de 1966 al reconocerse al nuevo Estado de Guyana:

“...por lo tanto, Venezuela reconoce como territorio del nuevo Estado, el que se sitúa al este de la margen derecha del río Esequibo y reitera ante la comunidad internacional, que se reserva expresamente sus derechos de soberanía territorial sobre la zona que se encuentra en la margen izquierda del precitado río; en consecuencia, el territorio de la Guayana Esequiba sobre el cual Venezuela se reserva expresamente sus derechos soberanos, limita al Este con el nuevo Estado de Guyana, a través de la línea del río Esequibo, tomando éste desde su nacimiento hasta su desembocadura en el Océano Atlántico...”


Terminología sobre cómo referenciar la Zona en Reclamación-Guayana Esequiba.

Mapa que señala el Espacio de Soberanía Marítima Venezolana que se reserva, como Mar Territorial mediante el Decreto Presidencial No 1152 del 09 de Julio de 1968

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